MUHAMMADIYAH.OR.ID, YOGYAKARTA – President of ‘Aisyiyah Siti Noordjannah Djohantini declared that government should protect students’ rights to perform their religious teachings through enacting wise and moderate school regulations.
‘Aisyiyah responded to the Joint Ministerial Decree on the Use of Uniform and Attributes for Students, Teachers, and Staff in Public School of Primary and Secondary Education.
Noordjannah mentioned a goal of national education based on article 3 of Law Number 20 of 2003 on National Education System.
“The national education system is aimed at developing potential of students so that they become faithful and pious to the one and only God, noble, healthy, knowledgeable, capable, creative, independent, democratic, and responsible,” stated Noordjanah in a national meeting of Aisyiyah joined by 600 Aisyiyah boards across Indonesia and Aisyah special branches overseas on Saturday (6/2).
Six Attitudes of ‘Aisyiyah towards the Joint Ministerial Decree
First, the government should make a policy on permitting regional government to arrange positive regulations to recommend, allow, and educate students to practice their religious teachings including wearing uniform in accordance with their belief.
Second, a rigid and strict regulation on the third dictum of the Joint Ministerial Decree substantively is not in line with article 31 paragraph 3 of the 1945 Constitution regulating that “the government organizes and implements a national education system, to be regulated by law, that aims at enhancing religious and pious feelings as well as moral excellence with a view to upgrading national life.”
Third, wearing a certain attire (uniform for Muslim women) as a part of religious practice is guaranteed by article 29 of the 1945 Constitution. The government should secure students to do their religious teachings through wise and moderate school regulations. Thus, it will cultivate diversity that students grow religious, peaceful, tolerant, faithful, pious, and noble as the national education.
Fourth, the fifth dictum letter d of the Joint Ministerial Decree regarding the decree infringement reveals that “Ministry of Education and Culture punishes the school in terms of provision of school operational assistance (BOS) funds and other government funds. The dictum is in contrast to article 31 paragraph 1 and 2 of the 1945 Constitution administering that “each citizen has the right to an education” and “each citizen is obliged to follow elementary education and the government has the duty to fund this” respectively.
Fifth, the Regulation of Minister of Education and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia Number 45 of 2014 on School Uniform for Students at Primary and Secondary Education, particularly for female Muslim students is accommodative and constitutional. Article 1 paragraph 4 of the regulation arranges that “uniform for female Muslim students is worn by Muslim women in accordance with their belief whose types, styles, and colors are adjusted to uniform school roles.” Hence, the regulation remains relevant to be implemented in public schools and utilized to achieve a national education goal, namely create faithful, pious, and noble Indonesian people.
Last, the government, especially Ministry of Education and Culture, Ministry of Home Affairs, and Ministry of Religious Affairs, should focus on coping with issues and impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. Noordjannah recommended that all elements of this nation should collaborate to tackle the pandemic and confront its impacts with a spirit of the Unity of Indonesia as what Aisyiyah has executed.
“All parties should avert anything controversial so that this nation will be easier to overcome the COVID-19 pandemic and other national issues for the sake of public interest,” she ended.