MUHAMMADIYAH.OR.ID, YOGYAKARTA – One of the debatable issue is that Muhammadiyah doesn’t adhere to any particular school of thought (madhhab). This movement believes that returning to al-Qur’an and as-sunnah is a liberation step from primordialism of madhhab and taqlid which shackle creativity of doing ijtihad.
“In renewal theories, following a certain school of thought will hamper people to be developed. Thus, I agree with Muhammadiyah not complying with decisions of madhhab,” declared Vice Chair of the Muhammadiyah Council for Tarjih and Tajdid Khaeruddin Khamsin at the Campaign and Visit of the Muhammadiyah Council for Tarjih and Tajdid on Saturday (1/5).
Even though they Muhammadiyah isn’t affiliated to one madhhab, this movement doesn’t refute fuqaha. Their opinions become considerations to determine teaching.
“The schools of thought are references because most of Muhammadiyah statements have similarities to the schools. Research may most likely find the correlation,” stated Khaeruddin.
He asserted it isn’t true that Muhammadiyah denies truth discovered by the schools of thought. For one reason, some of Muhammadiyah thoughts use methods and legal products similar to the schools of thought. It means that Muhammadiyah posits views of the schools as an option instead of an obligation. Their thought is a choice, not a must.
Hence, Muhammadiyah doesn’t deem the fiqh school of thought famhu turast li al-turast (past understanding applies in the past). Considering thought of previous ulemas, Muhammadiyah behaves fairly, propotionally, and unideologically. It means that Muhammadiyah doesn’t refuse nor take all of the thought. However, Muhammadiyah becomes moderate and flexible because it enables this movement to renew, and this movement isn’t against a legacy of classical ulemas.