MUHAMMADIYAH.OR.ID, YOGYAKARTA – Secretary of ‘Aisyiyah, Tri Hastuti Nur, said the literacy rate of a nation is in line with the people’s civility in cyberspace.
According to Digital Civility Index 2020, a digital Microsoft survey revealed Indonesian citizens had the most negative online interactions in Southeast Asia. A study by UNESCO also showed Indonesia ranked 62 for its literacy.
“Indonesia’s literacy rate is low, and now we got a fact that Indonesian netizens aren’t the most uncivil in Southeast Asia,” Tri said on Friday (13/8).
Since it’s now the digital era, digital literacy, particularly in a family, is necessary.
The policy on social restrictions during the COVID-19 pandemic has brought significant impacts on the internet users in Indonesia. At the beginning of 2021, it increased by 73,7 percent of the Indonesian people of 274.9 million, and 61.8 percent or 170 million people used social media.
“Research conducted by University of Gadjah Mada in 2019 revealed women had at least 10 WhatsApp groups. It meant the potential to spread hoaxes was high,” the lecturer of the Communication Science of Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta said.
A majority of the social media users in Indonesia are millennials (Gen Y and Z) aged 25-34.
The increasing number leads to several issues due to a lack of digital literacy, security, and ethics.
In her research, Tri found many teenagers committed online gender-based violence, and most of them weren’t friends on social media with their parents, family, and relatives.
Besides, Indonesian netizens should be aware of the commercialization of internet user data, internet algorithms, and filter bubbles. Many internet users or social media users don’t know they’re targeted markets.