MUHAMMADIYAH.OR.ID, YOGYAKARTA― Batik was originally only a work of art and could be worn by the noble class. People of Kauman, Yogyakarta, then, creatively modified the batik motif. It’s later called Sudagaran batik, and everyone may wear it.
Besides, Kauman’s well-known as the dwelling of Islamic scholars, but they weren’t arrogant.
According to the elder of Kauman as well as Chair of Muhammadiyah Disaster Management Center (MDMC) Budi Setiawan, K.H. Ahmad Dahlan sold the Sudagaran batik while disseminating da’wah. Thus, people noticed Ahmad Dahlan as an Islamic scholar and a batik seller.
“People living in the Yogyakarta Palace also made and sold batik. They distributed the batik to Kauman people to be sold. Thus, Kauman people as Ahmad Dahlan sold more batiks than the batik industries did,” Budi said.
In addition, Kiai Abu Bakar and Kiai Saleh, brothers, who were respectively the father and the uncle of Kiai Ahmad Dahlan, were outstanding batik sellers even though they would rather focus on being Islamic scholars than become batik sellers.
As time went by, many Kauman people including the Islamic scholars opened batik home industries. The batik production was carried out in Kauman people’s houses which had spacious rooms because the population in that era wasn’t as dense as it’s now.
The batik motif was developed and had many styles as many people came from other areas as Bantul to work in the batik industries. They, then, moved and lived in Kauman.
After World War II, in the 1920s, batik traders in Kauman changed, Kiai Ahmad Dahlan no longer sold batik and got focused on da’wah activities, so did other great traders. Many new sellers continued to batik tradition.
Due to the technological development and market demand, there was only handwritten batik, now there’s printed batik.
“There are many kinds of batik such as manual handwritten batik and printed batik. Making batik is a long process. All batik makers should go through the stages so that the batik can be well-made,” Budi mentioned.