MUHAMMADIYAH.OR.ID, BUDAPEST – The Communication Forum of the Muhammadiyah Special Branch of Europe conducted a discussion on Progressive Islam on Wednesday (14/4). The host of the discussion, the Muhammadiyah Special Branch of Hungary, presented General Secretary of Muhammadiyah Abdul Mu’ti as a speaker.
Mu’ti mentioned three criteria of progressive Islam. First, it’s pure monotheism. He stated that a monotheistic person holds on Al-Qur’an and As-Sunnah so that the person isn’t inferior, compassionate, and optimistic.
“Islam is humanity, isn’t an ethnic religion so that it doesn’t support racism. K.H. Ahmad Dahlan was a person who has pure monotheism, but he mingled with people having different madhab. Indeed, he often began a meeting by reciting Al-Fatihah, and he knocked a hammer three times when having a meeting with Semaun. It showed that he’s tolerant,” told Mu’ti.
Second, it’s holding Al-Qur’an and As-Sunnah and developing understanding with a scientific approach. If there’re debate and difference, Muslims should back to Al-Qur’an and As-Sunnah, not textually but comprehensively in terms of interpretation.
Third, it’s doing ijtihad. For Muhammadiyah, ijtihad is always open because there’s a dialog process.
“Thus, we as Muhammadiyah cadres should always have dialogs on Islamic understandings and approaches to grasp Islam. Muhammadiyah uses three approaches to comprehend Islam, namely bayani (from the texts of the Qur’an and Hadith, qiyas and ijma), irfani (from science), and burhani (from reality, both natural reality, social, humanity and religious),” explained Mu’ti.
The approaches enable Muhammadiyah cadres to survive on promoting progressive Islam in Europe and to be more pious and have greater understanding of progressive Islam when they return to Indonesia.
Meanwhile, in his remark, a representative of the Muhammadiyah Special Branch of Hungary A. Hidayat conveyed that the diaspora is an effort to create notions of progressive Islam in Europe.
Quoting President of Muhammadiyah Haedar Nashir when delivering a speech at Baitul Arqam organized by the Muhammadiyah Special Branch of Germany, “Muhammadiyah cadres in Europe should become a diaspora who formulate ideas of progressive Islam.
“Therefore, today’s discussion is an occasion to arrange concepts of progressive Islam. We can find many Islamic values in Europe even though we can also discover non-Islamic aspects. The Islamic values are respecting others, honoring other people’s work, being punctual, queueing, liking cleanliness, not telling other people’s disgrace, and living without gossip,” he mentioned.